Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note

Here, We provided to Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note. Heat transfer is a discipline of thermal engineering that concerns the generation, use, conversion, and exchange of thermal energy (heat) between physical systems. Heat transfer is classified into various mechanisms, such as thermal conduction, thermal convection, thermal radiation, and transfer of energy by phase changes. Engineers also consider the transfer of mass of differing chemical species, either cold or hot, to achieve heat transfer. While these mechanisms have distinct characteristics, they often occur simultaneously in the same system. Free download PDF Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note.

best heat transfer hand written noteHeat conduction, also called diffusion, is the direct microscopic exchange of kinetic energy of particles through the boundary between two systems. When an object is at a different temperature from another body or its surroundings, heat flows so that the body and the surroundings reach the same temperature, at which point they are in thermal equilibrium. Such spontaneous heat transfer always occurs from a region of high temperature to another region of lower temperature, as described in the second law of thermodynamics. Free download PDF Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note.

Heat convection occurs when the bulk flow of a fluid (gas or liquid) carries heat along with the flow of matter in the fluid. The flow of fluid may be forced by external processes, or sometimes (in gravitational fields) by buoyancy forces caused when thermal energy expands the fluid (for example in a fire plume), thus influencing its own transfer. The latter process is often called “natural convection”. All convective processes also move heat partly by diffusion, as well. Another form of convection is forced convection. In this case, the fluid is forced to flow by use of a pump, fan, or other mechanical means. Free download PDF Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note.

Any matter which is made up of atoms and molecules has the ability to transfer heat. The atoms are in different types of motion at any time. The motion of molecules and atoms is responsible for heat or thermal energy and every matter has this thermal energy. The more the motion of molecules more will be the more heat energy. However, talking about heat transfer, it is nothing but the process of transfer of heat from the high-temperature body to a low temperature one. Free download PDF Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note.






What is Heat Transfer?

According to thermodynamic systems, heat transfer is defined as

The movement of heat across the border of the system due to a difference in temperature between the system and its surroundings.

Interestingly, the difference in temperature is said to be a ‘potential’ that causes the transfer of heat from one point to another. Besides, heat is also known as flux.

How is Heat Transferred?

Heat can travel shift from one place to another in several ways. The different modes of heat transfer include:

  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation

What is Conduction?

Conduction is defined as

The process in which heat flows from objects with a higher temperature to objects with lower temperatures.

What is Convection?

Convection is defined as

The movement of fluid molecules from higher temperature regions to lower temperature regions.

What is Radiation?

Thermal radiation is generated by the emission of electromagnetic waves. These waves carry away the energy from the emitting body. Radiation takes place through a vacuum or transparent medium which can be either solid or liquid. Thermal radiation is the result of the random motion of molecules in the matter. Movement of charged electrons and protons is responsible for the emission of electromagnetic radiation. Free download PDF Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note.

Heat is a very curious form of energy. It helps us stay warm, prepare hot and tasty food but its application far exceeds the domestic uses mentioned here. Understanding the properties of heat is the key to many fields of science. Thermodynamics is a massive field that deals only with the flow of heat through a system. Even nuclear energy uses the heat developed by the atom to create electricity. So it is clear that heat is quite important to us. That makes it imperative for us to take a closer look at heat. Free download PDF Best Heat Transfer Hand Written Note.


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